The Basics of Gum Disease

Gingivitis and periodontitis – more common than you think

Gum disease is more common than most people think, with most of us having it to some degree during our lifetime. It often comes as a surprise though when we are told that we have it, thinking that we do our best to take care of our teeth. However, even despite a good oral health and cleaning regime, it can be quite difficult to prevent a build up of the bacteria that cause gingivitis and other gum diseases.

How do I know if I have gum disease?

Gum disease can have many symptoms although not all of these are noticeable initially. The most usual symptoms of gum disease are soreness and bleeding of the gums. The sufferer is also likely to notice that people react to them when they talk to them due to bad breath. Rather than treat gum disease, it is of course naturally better to prevent it in the first place and especially before these unpleasant symptoms appear.

Diagnosis of Gum Disease

The best way to prevent gum disease, as well as a good oral health regime is to ensure that you visit a quality dentist in London who will check for early signs of gum disease. He will also be able to detect the areas where plaque build up can occur but is very difficult to be reached by the patient. This invariably is at the back of teeth where toothbrushes struggle to reach.

Treatment of Gum Disease

There are several layers of treatment for gum disease that the dentist may carry out. The initial one of these is usually simply to offer advice on better ways to clean your teeth and possibly teaching a person how to floss properly. In minor cases, this is often all that is needed.

TheLet our Harley Street hygienist help preserve your smile second layer of treatment is often referred to as a “deep” scale and polish. This is where the hardened layer of plaque that has built up is scraped away by the dentist. Whilst not painful, it can be uncomfortable and depending on the degree that it is needed, may be done using a local anaesthetic.┬áThis is usual in cases where scraping below the gum line is needed. If gum inflammation is significant or disease is evident, the dentist may recommend antibiotics to treat the infection prior to performing any other procedures.

If gum disease is ignored and not treated in its early stages, there is no doubt that it will only get worse. Once it reaches an advanced stage it can also affect the bone in the jaw which causes teeth to become loose. There is a strong possibility at this stage that some teeth will need to be removed leaving the patient to choose between dentures or possibly dental implants as a replacement. There really is no excuse however, for gum disease to reach this stage. Its treatment, especially early on, is minor and non invasive which should make it easier for those who are nervous of dentists and will leave them with strong and healthy gums for many years to come.

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